305 cities identified under ‘Housing for All’ Scheme
‘Housing for all’ scheme has already become quite popular since it was launched by the BJP led government at the centre. Few believe that it is going to change the face of the entire country and would place India among some of the most infrastructural developed nations of the world. In the same context, the government has identified 305 towns and cities to develop them as model towns of sustainable development.
The 305 cities come from nine different states of the country and the development would take place for rehabilitation of urban poor, as confirmed by the official from Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (HUPA).
The process of developing housing for urban poor would span a tenure of next six years and a total of more than Rs 2 lakh crore would be spent to rehabilitate more than two crore urban poor living in these cities. The selection of cities in respective states has the following figures:
- Telangana – 34 cities and towns
- Rajasthan – 40 cities and towns
- Odisha – 42 cities and towns
- Madhya Pradesh – 74 cities and towns
- Kerala – 15 cities and towns
- Jharkhand – 15 cities and towns
- Jammu and Kashmir – 10 cities and towns
- Gujarat – 30 cities and towns
- Chhattisgarh – 36 cities and towns
The famous campaign ‘Housing for All’ would be responsible for guiding the scheme and envisaging a road map to carry out the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana in these cities/towns. It was launched by the current Prime Minister Narendra Modi as his dream project to uplift the state of living for urban poor. The project would start in 2015 and conclude by year 2022, which would also be the year when India would mark its 75 years of independence.
Apart from the above mentioned nine states, there are additional six states which would have these model cities/towns to be developed under the scheme. The Ministry has already intended its initiative to these six states to sign a memorandum of Agreement in order to adhere to the norms as set by the scheme.
Those states which have already agreed to implement the mandatory reforms have already signed the memorandum. These states are Uttarakhand, Telangana, Rajasthan, Odisha, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat, Chhatisgarh, Bihar and Andhra Pradesh.
The agreement specifically stipulates that the respective states would make necessary changes to their management of these cities and towns that would include doing away with the requirement of separate non-agricultural permission in a condition when the development land would fall under residential zone as envisaged in the Master Plan of the Town or City.
Some of the crucial reforms related to the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana scheme would enable single window facility that would be responsible for taking care of all related layout approvals and the permissions required for buildings. This would include considering the minimum area size that is required for buildings for economically weaker sections.
Moreover, the MoA also directs the states to carry out amending or legislating existing rent laws in accordance with Model Tenancy Act as set by the Ministry and render additional Floor Space Index or TDR or FAR and thus ease the density norms for creating low cost housing under the scheme.